Partial hysterectomy: what it is, explanation of the operation and recovery (2023)

A partial hysterectomy is a medical procedure that removes the uterus but preserves the cervix. This surgery can be performed using a variety of techniques, including laparoscopic, vaginal, or abdominal surgery, and may be recommended for a number of different reasons. In this article, we describe what a partial hysterectomy is, its many forms, the reasons behind it, how it is performed, possible side effects, recovery and alternatives.

Types of hysterectomy operations

There are three main types of hysterectomy surgery, depending on which part of the female reproductive system is removed:

total hysterectomy

This type of hysterectomy requires the complete removal of the uterus, including the cervix. The most popular type of hysterectomy is total hysterectomy, which can be performed abdominally, vaginally, or laparoscopically.

partial hysterectomy

This type of hysterectomy involves removing the upper part of the uterus, leaving the cervix intact. A subtotal hysterectomy is less common than a total hysterectomy, but it may have certain advantages, including preservation of sexual function and a reduced risk of cervical cancer.

radical hysterectomy

This form of hysterectomy involves the complete removal of the uterus, cervix, and surrounding tissue, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and lymph nodes. Generally, women with severe or aggressive gynecological cancer undergo a radical hysterectomy.

Each type of hysterectomy has its own benefits and risks that you should discuss with your gynecologist or surgeon before making a decision.

How to perform a partial hysterectomy

Partial hysterectomy can be performed laparoscopically, vaginally or abdominally. Depending on the specific situation of the patient and the preferences of the surgeon, specific techniques can be used.


In a laparoscopic partial hysterectomy, the surgeon makes a small incision in the abdomen and inserts a laparoscope to examine the uterus and surrounding organs. The uterus is then removed with a small device while leaving the cervix intact.


Partial vaginal hysterectomy is performed without an external incision. The uterus is removed through the vagina, leaving the cervix intact.


A partial abdominal hysterectomy is performed through a large abdominal incision. The use of this technique, which allows surgeons easier access to the uterus and surrounding organs, is suitable for more complex patients.

The reason for this procedure

  • fibroids
    Fibroids are non-cancerous growths in the uterus that can cause heavy bleeding, discomfort and other symptoms.
    In endometriosis, the tissue that surrounds the uterus can extend outside the uterus, causing discomfort, infertility, and other problems.
  • adenomyosis
    Adenomyosis is a condition that causes pain, excessive bleeding and other symptoms when the tissue surrounding the uterus becomes the muscular wall of the uterus.
  • prolaps maternice
    When the uterus prolapses into the vagina, it can be uncomfortable and lead to incontinence.
  • Rak
    For some types of cancer, such as endometrial or cervical cancer, a partial hysterectomy may be recommended as treatment.

Recovery time

Recovery time may vary depending on the patient's age, general health, and the technique performed. In general, patients are expected to stay in the hospital for one to three days, and recovery can take up to six weeks.

Follow your doctor's recommendations for exercise, medication, and wound care during recovery to prevent complications and promote a smooth recovery.


Depending on the patient's condition and wishes, several options can be explored in some cases. These alternatives include:

  1. drug

In some cases, hormone therapy or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be used to treat the signs and symptoms of conditions such as endometriosis and uterine fibroids.

  1. Uterine artery embolization

A less invasive treatment called uterine artery embolization involves blocking the arteries that carry small particles to the uterus. This can reduce symptoms and shrink fibroids.

  1. endometrial ablation

Endometrial ablation is a procedure that destroys the lining of the uterus to reduce heavy bleeding.

  1. hysteroscopic myomectomy

Hysteroscopic myomectomy is a minimally invasive procedure in which fibroids are removed from the uterus using a thin, lighted tube that is inserted through the cervix.

Advantages of hysterectomy surgery

Hysterectomy surgery can have several benefits for women, depending on their individual health and goals. Some of the common benefits of hysterectomy surgery include:

  • Relieve pain and discomfort caused by conditions such as endometriosis, adenomyosis, fibroids or pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Better quality of life and mental health, especially in women with heavy menstrual bleeding, urinary incontinence or sexual dysfunction.
  • Prevent or treat gynecological cancers such as uterine, cervical or ovarian cancer.
  • It eliminates the risk of unwanted pregnancy because hysterectomy is a permanent form of birth control.

Although the benefits of hysterectomy surgery may seem appealing, it is important to remember that every woman's experience may be different and that hysterectomy is not always the best or only option. Alternative treatments, such as drugs, hormone therapy, or minimally invasive surgery, may be better for some women.

Risks of hysterectomy surgery

Like any other surgical procedure, a hysterectomy has some potential risks and complications that you should discuss with your doctor before the procedure. Some of the common risks of hysterectomy surgery include:

  • Pain, bleeding, infection or scarring at the surgery site.
  • Damage to nearby organs, such as the bladder, ureters or intestines.
  • Blood clots, which can lead to serious health conditions such as stroke, pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis.
  • Symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes, mood swings or vaginal dryness if the ovaries have been removed.
  • Sexual or urinary problems, such as decreased libido, vaginal shortening, or urinary incontinence.

To reduce the risk of hysterectomy surgery, it is important to choose a trained and experienced surgeon, carefully follow preoperative and postoperative instructions, and monitor for any unusual symptoms or complications.

in conclusion

Conclusions: Hysterectomy surgery can be a difficult and life-changing option for women with a variety of gynecological conditions. By understanding the types, benefits, and risks of hysterectomy surgery, women can make informed decisions about their health care. Consult with a trained gynecologist or surgeon to discuss the risks and benefits of each hysterectomy procedure and compare it to other possible treatment options.

While the comparison article provides basic information about hysterectomy surgery, this comprehensive guide goes much deeper. It provides a comprehensive explanation of each form of hysterectomy and its associated benefits and risks. She also offers practical advice for reducing the risks and consequences associated with hysterectomy surgery, such as choosing an experienced surgeon and carefully following pre- and post-operative instructions.

Overall, this article can be a useful resource for women who are considering a hysterectomy or who have already had a hysterectomy. It provides clear, straightforward information in an easy-to-understand format to help women make informed decisions about their health care alternatives.

Frequently asked questions

  1. Is a hysterectomy a major operation?

Yes, hysterectomy is considered a major operation and carries certain risks and possible complications.

  1. Can I still have children after a hysterectomy?

You can still get pregnant with assisted reproduction if your ovaries are still alive. However, removing the uterus will make pregnancy impossible.

  1. How long does it take to recover from a partial hysterectomy?

Full recovery can take up to six weeks, depending on the patient's condition and the methods used during treatment.

  1. What are the risks of hysterectomy?

Potential risks include bleeding, infection, damage to surrounding organs, vaginal prolapse, and hormonal changes.

  1. Are there alternatives to hysterectomy?

In fact, alternatives to partial hysterectomy may include medication, uterine artery embolization, endometrial ablation, and hysteroscopic myomectomy, depending on the patient's condition and preferences. All options should be discussed with your healthcare provider before making a decision.

  1. Is a partial hysterectomy the same as a total hysterectomy?

No, a partial hysterectomy involves removing only the uterus, while a total hysterectomy involves removing both the uterus and the cervix.

  1. How long does the whole process take?

The duration of the procedure can vary depending on the technique used and the unique circumstances of the patient, but usually lasts from one to three hours.

  1. Will I experience menopause after a partial hysterectomy?

Menopause does not occur immediately if the ovaries are not damaged. However, hormonal changes can gradually lead to menopause over time.

  1. Will I have to stay in the hospital after the operation?

Most patients stay in the hospital for one to three days after surgery.

  1. When can I return to work after a partial hysterectomy?

Hours off will vary depending on each individual's individual situation and work needs, but most patients can return to work within four to six weeks. After discussing this problem, follow your doctor's advice for returning to work.


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