diagram of the female body (2023)

Female anatomy includes the internal and external structures of the reproductive and urinary systems. Reproductive anatomy plays an important role in sexual pleasure.hard, gbreast-feeding. The urinary system helps remove toxins from the body through urine (urination).

The main parts of the female anatomy can be divided into external (external) and internal (internal) parts.

The external anatomy of a woman includes:

  • shy
  • lips
  • clitoris
  • urethra
  • vaginal opening

*Common name for vulva

The internal anatomy of a woman includes:

  • vaginal
  • cervix
  • Uterus
  • ovary
  • oviduct
  • hymen
  • Bartholin's and Skene's glands

Female breasts have an inner and outer part.

This article analyzes the position and function of different parts of the female anatomy.

NOTE: Some people are born with ambiguous internal or external structures, or with male and female anatomy, which we will not discuss here.

The term "female" as used herein refers to a person born with typical biological female reproductive organs. Some people who identify as women do not have the anatomy represented.

female reproductive system

female anatomy diagram

If you're not sure where exactly the female reproductive and urinary systems are located, this female anatomy chart is a good place to start.

The following sections describe these and other parts of the female anatomy in detail.

diagram of the female body (1)

external anatomy of a woman

This photo contains content that some people may find graphic or disturbing.

diagram of the female body (2)

It isvulvaIt consists of structures outside the vaginal opening. These external structures include:

  • shy: The mons pubis is the round, fleshy area at the front of the pelvis (lower abdomen) where pubic hair usually grows.
  • big lips: The labia majora are external fleshy folds of protective skin that line the sides of the vaginal opening. They cover and protect the most sensitive external sexual organs. Labia means lips in Latin. The labia majora is often called the labia externa.
  • small lips: Labia minora are folds of skin inside the labia majora. In some people, the labia minora exceed the labia majora.
  • clitoris: It isclitorisIt is located on top of the vulva, above the opening of the urethra. A fold of skin called the clitoris covers most of the clitoris, leaving only the tip (a small bump) visible. The rest of the clitoris is a spongy shaft that extends several centimeters into the body.
  • opening of the urethra: It isurethraIt is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Its opening is located below the clitoris, just above the opening of the vagina.
  • vaginal opening: The vaginal opening is located between the urethra and the anus.
  • Bartholin's gland:Bartholin's glandThe glands are located on both sides of the opening of the vagina. They release a secretion that lubricates the vagina and makes intercourse more pleasant.
  • Glandula de Skene: It isGlandula de Skeneon both sides of the urethra. They lubricate the opening of the urethra. Skene's glands are sometimes called the "female prostate." Some scientists believe that these glands are responsible for "female ejaculation" or "nozzle"During sexual excitement.

Function of the vaginal opening.

The vaginal opening is located on:

  • menstrual blood leaves the body
  • Sexual relations for reproductive purposes and/or for the purpose of pleasure.
  • The baby comes out of the body during vaginal delivery.

the internal anatomy of a woman

diagram of the female body (3)

The rest of the female genitals are inside the opening of the vagina. These internal structures of the female anatomy include:

  • vaginal: It isvaginalIt is a muscular tube that connects the cervix to the uterus. It leads to the outer part of the body. Certain parts of the vagina are made of collagen and elastin, which help the vagina expand during sexual stimulation and childbirth.
  • cervix: It iscervixIt is the lower part of the uterus that separates the lower part of the uterus from the vagina. It can act as a lubricant. While direct contact with the cervix rarely occurs during intercourse, some claim that it aids sexual pleasure. For others, direct contact with the cervix is ​​painful.During childbirth, the cervix dilates so that the baby can exit the uterus, enter the vagina and leave the body.
  • Uterus: It isUterusThe lower part of the abdomen between the buttocks (pelvis), through the vagina, just behind the cervix. It is also called the uterus. The uterus is where the fetus develops during pregnancy. The uterus has three layers of muscles and is one of the strongest muscles in the body.
  • ovary: It isovaryThey are small organs located on both sides of the pelvis. They play an important role in the production of female hormones and produce eggs during ovulation.
  • oviduct: It isoviductConnect the ovaries on both sides to the uterus. Hair-like structures called cilia guide the egg from the ovary to the uterus.
  • hymen: It ishymenIt is a thin tissue at the opening of the vagina. It has no known biological function. The hymen becomes more elastic as we age, and at some point in a man's life it can tear or break. Although sexual activity is one way this can happen, breaking the hymen does not prove sexual activity.

Why is a hymenectomy performed?

female breast anatomy

diagram of the female body (4)

The breast contains several structures, including:

  • fatty tissue: Every breast has fat (Gordo) Tissues used to store extra energy.
  • user information: There are 15 to 20 sections of adipose tissue called lobules. They are connected to the ducts that produce milk.
  • milk duct: It ismilk ductIt is the internal structure that leads to the areola and nipple, which are the outer parts of the breast.
  • areolas and warts: The areola is the dark area around the breast on the outside of the breast.nippleIn the middle.

breast anatomy

Functions of female body parts.

Different parts of the female anatomy have different functions, including hormone production, sexual arousal, conception and pregnancy.

hormonal changes

estrogengprogesteroneIt is the main female hormone produced by the reproductive system. Puberty increases the production of hormones that give a person the possibility of menstruation and pregnancy.

Estrogen also stimulates vaginal lubrication and increases libido.

sexual excitement

The female anatomy is designed for bothprivacyand ideas. The vulva, vagina and breasts are sensitive to touch, which contributes to sexual excitement.

The function of the clitoris is exclusively sexual pleasure. It has many sensitive nerve endings that respond to touch. When a man is aroused, the tissue of the clitoris increases, aserection swellingBetween men with penises.

What is the function of the clitoris?

conception and pregnancy

During ovulation, the ovary releases an egg that travels to the fallopian tube, where it stays for a short time. if aspermSperm introduced during penile-vaginal intercourse swim to the ovum and join it, where fertilization (conception) occurs.

This creates a fertilized egg, which develops further when it finds a place to enter the uterus and implant. This is what the embryo becomes. Fertilization can occur hours or days after intercourse.

If the egg is not fertilized and there is no pregnancy, the lining of the uterus separates. this partmenstrual cycleIt's time to be alone. Most menstruating people have a cycle every 28 to 31 days without getting pregnant, but this depends on how often they ovulate.

how conception occurs


Understanding the female anatomy from the inside out can help you prepare for the changes of adolescence, adulthood, pregnancy, and menopause. It can also help you better understand related conditions you may have been diagnosed with.

The internal and external structures of the female anatomy, including the vagina, vulva, uterus, and clitoris, play important roles in sexual arousal, intercourse, conception, pregnancy, and childbirth.

frequently asked questions

  • Where does the urine go from the female genital organs?

    Urine collects in the bladder, travels through the urethra and leaves the body through the opening of the urethra.

  • Where is the G spot?

    Researchers aren't sure if the G-spot of one's libido is an actual structure in the vagina or a sensitive area.You can try to find the G-spot by inserting your finger (palm up) a few centimeters into the vagina. Then bend your finger in a "come here" motion to see if it stimulates the tissue there.

    Find out more:Are vaginal orgasms real?

How the male reproductive system works

10 sourcesa

Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed research, to support the facts in our articles. read oursediting processLearn more about how we verify data and keep our content accurate, reliable and trustworthy.

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  2. Rodríguez F, Camacho A, Borders S, Gardner B, Levine R, Tubbs R.Female ejaculation: An update on anatomy, history, and controversies. clinical anatomy。 2020;34(1):103-107。 doi:10.1002/ca.23654

  3. Giovannetti O, Tomalty D, Gilmore S, et al.The contribution of the cervix to sexual response: an online survey study.Journal of Sexual Medicine。 2023;20(1):49-56。 doi:10.1093/jsxmed/qdac010

  4. Library of Congress Biology and Human Anatomy.What is the strongest muscle in the body?

  5. Michauri R , Fedosian H , Naimer K , Volpelier M , McHale T .Small organizations cannot: dispel myths about the role of the hymen in determining sexual history and aggression. reproductive health. 2019; 16 (1). Number: 10.1186/s12978-019-0731-8

  6. Medicine Johnsa Hopkinsa.breast anatomy.

  7. Kothari C, Diorio C, Durocher F.The importance of breast fat in breast cancer.International Journal of Molecular Sciences。 2020;21(16):5760。 doi:10.3390/ijms21165760

  8. Cappelletti M, Warren K.Increased libido in women: comparative effects of estrogen and androgen..behavior at home。 2016;78:178-193。 doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2015.11.003

  9. National Library of Medicine.Anatomy, abdomen and pelvis: female sexual organs.

  10. Vieira-Baptista P, Lima-Silva J, Preti M, Xavier J, Vendella P, Stockdale CK.The G-Spot: Fact or Fiction? : System overview.make love to。 2021;9(5):100435。 doi:10.1016/j.esxm.2021.100435

Further reading

diagram of the female body (5)

crossBrandi Jones, MSN-ED RN-BC
Brandy is a registered nurse and owner of Brandy Jones, LLC. She focuses on health and wellness writing, including blogs, articles, and education.

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